The History of the Peoples of the Eastern Desert
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The book resulting from this conference is a letter-sized edited volume containing more than 500 pages richly illustrated with photographs and line drawings, handsomely produced by the Cotsen Institute of Archaeology Press (2012). It comes with a CD-ROM with sound and video fragments as well as the complete bibliography (Chapter 32) in pdf-format.
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Table of Contents (pdf)
This refers to the printed version of the volume
(Cotsen Institute of Archaeology Press, Los Angeles 2012)


The Eastern Desert
Outline of the Geology
Early Human History
The Eastern Desert in Pharaonic Times
Some Editorial Remarks
Everybody Needs an Editor
Less is More
Kill your Darlings


Lower and Middle Paleolithic Sites in the Eastern Desert
Sodmein Cave
Wadi Bili
Bili Cave
The “Out of Africa” Migration of Modern Humans
The Upper Paleolithic
The Late Paleolithic
The Epipaleolithic
The Neolithic and the Predynastic
El Gouna Shell Mound
Rens Shelter
Early Holocene Evidence
Late Holocene Evidence
The Journey to the Rock Art Gallery of Bir Nurayet
by K. Pluskota
Geographical and Historical Context
Boat Petroglyphs: Typology
Dating Boat Petroglyphs
Naqada I Boat Motifs
Naqada II Boat Motifs
Naqada III Boat Motifs
Pharaonic and Later Boat Motifs
Overview of Sites with Boat Petroglyphs
‘Arms Raised’ Figures
The Archaeological Record: The Pan-Graves
The Socio-Economical Constitution of the Pan-Grave People
A Case Study of Two Painted Skulls
Discussion: Towards an Archaeology of Interaction
The Nature of the Religious Practices in the Eastern Desert
The God Min (Pan)
Falcon Gods in the Eastern Desert
The Difficulties of Grasping Past Religious Beliefs
Egyptian Terms for Sinai
Hebrew Terms for Sinai
Early Human Presence in Sinai
Egyptian Economic Interests
The Desert People
Population Fluctuations in Sinai
The Egyptian View of Sinai
The Genesis Patriachs in Sinai
Forty Years in the Wilderness of Sinai
Mount Sinai
Long-Term Vegetation Change and Continuity
Survival Strategies of Trees
Traditional Management Strategies of Nomadic Pastoralists
The Effects of Discontinuity of Management   
Discussion and Conclusion
The Eastern Desert and its Peoples
The Ancient Sources on the Eastern Desert
Ring Graves
Disk-Shaped Akerataheils
Fishtail Akerataheils
Muslim Graves
Desert Grave Chronology
Cultural Continuity in the Grave Monuments
Ring Graves and the Medjay Pan-Graves
Blemmyes and Disk-Shaped Akerataheils
Disk-Shaped Akerataheils, Blemmyes and Enigmatic Sites
A Note on Early Evidence for a Blemmy in the Eastern Desert
Egyptian Desert Environments
The Issue of the ‘Eastern Libyans’
The Natural Landscape
Archaeological Sources on the Dwellers of Marmarica
The Cultural Landscape
Ancient Water and Soil Management, Agricultural Areas and Settlements
Temporary Settlements, Water Supply Points and Rangelands
Routes, Tracks, Alaam and Burials
Drop-Sites and Libyan Desert Ware
Comparison Between Research in the Western and the Eastern Deserts
The Desert Today
Beja Clans and Tribes
The Ptolemaic Eastern Desert: Precedents, Sources and Evidence
The Third Century BCE
The Second and First Centuries BCE
The Probable Role of Nomadic Groups in the Ptolemaic Eastern Desert
Nabataean Maritime Routes on the Red Sea
Nabataeans in Egypt
Nabataean Inscriptions from the Late Ptolemaic Period
Nabataean Inscriptions from the Roman Period
Wadi Hammamat (Between Qift and Quseir)
The Prospection and Exploration Phases
he Development Phase
The Exploitation Phase
Ethnicity in the Eastern Desert
The Megabaroi
The Trog(l)odytes
The Blemmyes
Previous Scholarship on the Society of Late Antique Lower Nubia
The Problem of the Historical Sources of the 4th Century CE
The Society of Northern Lower Nubia in the 5th Century CE
The Blemmyes and the Eastern Desert
The Eastern Desert in the First-Third Centuries CE
The Eastern Desert in the 4th-7th Centuries CE
The Desert Dwellers in the First-Third Centuries CE
The Desert Dwellers in the 4th-7th Centuries CE
Burial Customs in the 4th-7th Centuries CE
The Material Culture and Economy of the Desert Dwellers
Introduction to ICP-MS and GC/MS
Fingerprints of Eastern Desert Ware
Organic Residues in Eastern Desert Ware
Historical Sources for Nomadic Arabs
Archaeological Evidence for Nomadic Arabs
Sedentary Arabs and the Settlement at Shenshef
Sedentary Arab Foederati on the Coast of Egypt?
Sedentary Arab Merchants of the Red Sea
Visible and Invisible Anchorites
Discussion and Conclusion
List of Abbreviations and Ancient Texts
The Monasteries in the Eastern Desert
Dayr Mar Antonios al-Kabir
Day Anba Bula
The Desert
Mobility of Monks
Nomadic Raids
Multi-Resource Relationships
Resource Procurement
Managing Micro-Environments of the Desert
Islands of the Blessed
Literary Treasure
Wall Paintings
Giving the Nomads an Identity
Discussion and Conclusion
Monastery Resources Reserved for the Bedouin
Caravans and Supplies from the Nile Valley
Visitors and Pilgrims
The Beja Peoples
The Sources
Ababda Variable Strategies in the 19th Century CE
Developments in the Early 20th Century CE
Cultural Variability in Economic Strategies
Socio-Political Institutions to Balance Economic Variability
Socio-Political Institutions Controlling Economic Strategies
Decision Making Towards Economic Strategies on Individual Levels
Social Support for Individual Strategies
Cultural Values Determining Individual Strategies
The Archaeological Heritage of Serabit al-Khadim
The Bedouin of South Sinai
The Bedouin Image in Past and Present
The Place and the Beginning
The Female Bedouin of Serabit al-Khadim
The Cultural Heritage and Development of Serabit al-Khadim
Outline of the Pilot Study
The History of Suakin
Archaeological Research in Suakin
The Future of Suakin
Transboundary Biosphere Reserves
Wadi Allaqi
Establishing a Transboundary Biosphere Reserve in Wadi Allaqi
Adaptation and Change in Pastoral Societies
The Physical Environment: From Desert to Lake
The Human Environment
Natural Resources and Desert Livelihoods
Changing Resource Opportunities and Economic Adaptation
Structural, Societal and Political Transitions
Giving a Voice to the Ababda
by M. Abdel-Qadr, W.Z. Wendrich, Z. Kosc and H. Barnard
The Tribe of the Ababda
Rainfall and Livestock
Celebrations of the Ababda
Herbal Medicines
Geographical Names
Interview with an Ababda Sheikh
Ababda Music and Dancing
Plays and Dances
Biographies of the Singers
Contents of the Media Files
Features of Desert Travel
Management of Desert Areas
Travelers Descriptions of the Western Desert
Travelers Descriptions of the Eastern Desert and the Sinai   
Profile of Current Tourism in Egypt’s Deserts
Concluding Remarks
by J.L. Bintliff and H. Barnard
The Eastern Desert
Continuity and Change
Mobility and Ethnicity
Archaeology and Texts
Insiders and Outsiders
Towards an Explanatory Model
Final Remarks
Bibliography (pdf)
The complete bibliography of the volume is provided here as an independent resource.
List of Figures (pdf)
  List of Tables (pdf)
  List of Contributors (pdf)
  Index (pdf)
These refer to the printed version of the volume
(Cotsen Institute of Archaeology Press, Los Angeles 2012)

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